An analogy is a comparison between two things that are usually thought to be different from each other, but that have something in common. Analogies help us to understand something because they are compared to something we already know. It might sound a little confusing, but a few examples will make it easier to understand. Learning analogies can help reading and building vocabulary. Learning tools, like a thesaurus, can be very helpful if you get stuck when trying to use an analogy. You’ll often see something like this in school-
Bird is to feather as dog is to ________. (fur)
Hot is to Florida as _______ is to the North Pole. (cold)
Similes and metaphors are two types of analogies. A simile is a comparison using the words like or as. The lamp seemed as bright as the sun. He looked like a dog that had just come in from a rainstorm. A metaphor is a comparison without using the words like or as. The day was starting to feel like it was actually a week long. I picked the orange that reminded me of a basketball.
A great way to practice analogies is with online games. You will find plenty elementary analogy games that will keep you entertained.