Kindergarten math is a time when students begin to build a foundation that will carry them throughout their years in school. Math basics are taught in kindergarten, and one of those is operations. Math operations in kindergarten involves learning the basic ways that we can manipulate and use numbers. Once students have an understanding of how this works, they’ll be ready to move on to more complex operations.
Whole number operations involve adding and subtracting. Kindergarteners often do this using objects, or what teachers call manipulatives. They’ll add and subtract by physically moving blocks or math manipulatives like cubes. They’ll also estimate by answering questions like, “About how many pencils do you think there are?” Even kindergarteners can do operations involving fractions. They’ll have fun learning fractions with cutting things in half and playing with things that are split into halves, quarters, and thirds. They can even practice at home when they’re eating pizza or watching parents slice an orange.
This foundation will allow them to move on to reading and writing number sentences like 1+2=3 or 6-2=4. Part of this requires a strong foundation in number sense and an understanding that numbers represent values. They’ll need to answer questions like how much? and how many? They’ll also explore the concept of things being equal as well as expand on their kindergarten math vocabulary.